Millions of people all over the world spend their holidays travelling. They travel to see other countries and continents, modern cities and the ruins of ancient towns, they travel to enjoy picturesque places, or just for a change of scene. It's always interesting to discover new things, different ways of life, to meet different people, to try different food, to listen to different musical rhythms. Those who live in the country like to go to a big city and spend their time visiting museums and art galleries, looking at shop windows and dining at exotic restaurants. City-dwellers usually like a quiet holiday by the sea or in the mountains, with nothing to do but walk and bathe and laze in the sun. Most travellers and holiday-makers take a camera with them and take pictures of everything that interests them — the sights of a city, old churches and castles, views of mountains, lakes, valleys, plains, waterfalls, forests; different kinds of trees, flowers and plants, animals and birds. Later, perhaps years later, they will be reminded by the photos of the happy time they have had. People travel by train, by plane, by boat and by car. All means of travel have their advantages and disadvantages. And people choose one according to their plans and destinations. If we are fond of travelling, we see and learn a lot of things that we can never see or learn at home, though we may read about them in books and newspapers, and see pictures of them on TV. The best way to study geography is to travel, and the best way to get to know and understand people is to meet them in their own homes.
Vocabulary ruins ['ridnz] руины, развалины ancient ['einjant] древний to enjoy [in'd30i] наслаждаться picturesque [piktja'resk] живописный change of scene [si:n] перемена обстановки to discover [dis'k/we] открывать, обнаруживать rhythm [ridm] ритм art gallery ['gaeleri] картинная галерея exotic [ig'zotik] экзотический restaurant ['restront] ресторан city-dweller ['dwele] горожанин to bathe [beid] купаться to laze [leiz] in the sun валяться на солнце holiday-maker отдыхающий, отпускник camera ['kaemare] фотоаппарат to take pictures of фотографировать sight ['salt] вид church [tjaitj] церковь castle f'ka:sl] замок view [yju:] вид valley [vaeli] долина plain [plein] равнина waterfall ['wo:tafo:l] водопад to remind [ri'maind] напоминать photo ['feutauj фотография advantage [ed'va:ntid3] преимущество disadvantage [,disad'va:ntid3] недостаток destination [,desti'neijn] место назначения, цель (путешествия, похода и т.п.)
Questions 1. Are you fond of travelling? 2. Why do people travel? 3. Why do people take a camera with them? What do they usually photograph? 4. What do we see and learn while travelling? 5. Do you agree that travelling broadens our minds? 6. How do different people spend their holidays? 7. What means of travel do you know? What are their advantages and disadvantages? 8. What places have you visited? 9. Have you ever taken a holiday cruise ([kru:z] круиз) along the Black Sea coast or down the Volga? 10. Some people prefer to travel on their own and hate travelling in a group. What about you? 11. What countries would you like to visit? 12. Do you like to explore new places? 13. If someone invited you to spend a week on a desert island, would you agree? 14. Do you believe that one day people will be able to travel hi space? 15. Would you like to go to Mars or some other planet?